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“Indigenous harm reduction is love.” – Traditional Knowledge Carrier, Wanda Whitebird

The purpose of this policy brief is to outline Indigenous approaches to harm reduction. We also recommend ways in which governments and organizations can incorporate Indigenous approaches to harm reduction into their on-going and future efforts to support the self-defined, self-determined, and distinctions-based health and wellness of First Nations, Inuit and Métis.

In partnership with the Canadian Aboriginal AIDS Network (CAAN)

Globally, trans communities are among the most heavily impacted by HIV, yet they are among the least recognized within policy, the least served by programs, and the least supported by funding at national, regional, and international levels. Available data indicate a significant HIV burden within trans communities. A series of interwoven factors contribute to vulnerability, including biological, behavioural, structural and social determinants of health. The recent UNAIDS 2016–2021  Strategy, On the Fast-Track to End AIDS , identifies trans people as one of the key populations requiring specific attention.

This National Consensus Statement is meant to be used as an advocacy tool to ensure the specific HIV research priorities of women, trans people and girls are included in the next generation of HIV and AIDS research responses undertaken in Canada.

Using a social determinants of health lens, this factsheet highlights some of the particular issues facing indigenous populations regarding HIV, and provides some lessons learned from both the Canadian and African contexts that may be useful in determining next steps forward.

This info sheet explores the role of public health law, including coercive interventions, in addressing behaviours that carry a significant risk of transmitting HIV. This document describes public health law in very general terms. The law that applies in a given jurisdiction may be different from the general description. If you want more details about the public health law that applies in a given jurisdiction, consult a lawyer in that jurisdiction.

Behind the Pandemic provides a participatory learning tool that skilled facilitators can use to foster greater understanding and the ability to address factors that contribute to the health inequalities facing Aboriginal peoples. It can be can tailored to different audi­ences and settings, such as Aboriginal youth in schools, Aboriginal leaders in community settings, and people who currently or are being trained to inform, design, and implement health and social services, specifically around HIV and AIDS.

Produced in collaboration with the Canadian Aboriginal AIDS Network.

This fact sheet examines the linkages between housing and the pandemic and how housing organizations can effectively mainstream responses to HIV and AIDS. It also deliberately brings the slum and urbanization question to the attention of the HIV and AIDS community. Fortunately, the HIV and housing sectors have started to work together to tackle the complex relationships between the disease and urban poverty.

Gender-based violence (GBV) is one of the driving forces of the HIV/AIDS epidemic worldwide. GBV, defined as any form of violence directed towards an individual or group on the basis of their gender, illustrates more than any issue how gender shapes HIV vulnerability. Without diminishing the magnitude of VAW, the goal of this fact sheet is to use examples of GBV to provide the reader with an understanding of how GBV, in its many forms, fuels the HIV epidemic globally.

This fact sheet provides an overview of gender analysis in the context of AIDS and development projects. It outlines a generic methodology for project planners who want to improve the effectiveness of their programs by integrating gender issues at the project conception stage or who want to understand why they are not achieving anticipated results. It also illustrates gender issues that need to be considered at each phase of the project cycle to help formulate gender analysis for project proposals and on-going projects.

Uncovering the Links Between Social Inequity and HIV/AIDS , 2007

As global citizens and a part of a multicultural society, we have a very important leadership role to play in marshalling an effective response, both nationally and globally. It is our hope that through this resource kit, students, facilitators, post-secondary institutions, AIDS service organizations, non-governmental and faith-based organizations will acquire a deeper understanding of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the lives of the millions affected by the disease.

The XVI International AIDS Conference, held in Toronto, Canada in August 2006, provided a forum for broader exploration of the complexities of the AIDS epidemic. Importantly, food and nutrition security have been identified as issues that are critically interlinked with HIV/AIDS and that need to be addressed along a continuum of prevention, treatment, care, and positive living. While the conference held many related sessions on gender, poverty, aboriginal peoples, and human rights, there were four sessions that focused specifically on the particular relationships between food security and HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS, Food and Nutrition Security: The RENEWAL Initiative in Eastern and Southern Africa – Sunday, August 13, 2006;
Breaking the Vicious Cycle … Read more 

HIV/AIDS affects rural household food security by impacting people’s ability to produce adequate and nutritious food and/or engage in waged labour to purchase food. Food insecurity increases people’s vulnerability. Poor nutrition contributes to poor health, low labour productivity, low income, and livelihood insecurity. These factors, among others, put people, particularly women and girls, at risk of HIV infection as they are forced to migrate for waged labour or to engage in transactional sex work for income.

A toolkit to support CIDA staff working on initiatives related to food security and rural livelihoods

These guidelines were developed to support the formulation of agricultural policies in developing countries by providing recommendations on how to integrate HIV/AIDS and gender considerations into agriculture and food security programming.

These guidelines offer a synopsis of existing information related to the links between HIV/AIDS, gender inequality, and agricultural development, and they provide a series of recommendations as to how these factors can be taken into account when developing, reviewing, and implementing agricultural programmes. They are intended to provide direction to agricultural programmers by identifying areas of intervention, but have been kept general in order to be adaptable by the end-user in various settings.