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Globally, trans communities are among the most heavily impacted by HIV, yet they are among the least recognized within policy, the least served by programs, and the least supported by funding at national, regional, and international levels. Available data indicate a significant HIV burden within trans communities. A series of interwoven factors contribute to vulnerability, including biological, behavioural, structural and social determinants of health. The recent UNAIDS 2016–2021  Strategy, On the Fast-Track to End AIDS , identifies trans people as one of the key populations requiring specific attention.

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which were implemented from 2000–2015, were one of the major forces shaping the global development agenda over the last 20 years. To continue the work post-2015, the 193 Member States of the United Nations officially adopted a historic new agenda in September 2015, entitled Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It includes 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global 2030 Goals for Sustainable Development. In this context, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) has recently adopted a 2016–2021 Strategy, entitled On the Fast-Track to End AIDS, in order to align its work with the SDGs. This fact … Read more 

The purpose of the resource is to provide service providers with an overview of what we know about biomedical approaches to HIV prevention, and highlight ways in which these strategies are perceived as relevant or not for African, Caribbean and Black communities. The fact sheet comprehensively explores a variety of approaches, explores barriers and gives service providers messaging to promote increased awareness of these effective biomedical interventions. This fact sheet was developed by CHABAC

The Post-2015 development framework provides an opportunity to build on the MDGs and to address its shortcomings. The process leading up to the development of this new paradigm has been complex. This fact sheet aims to shed some light on the process, including civil society involvement and to highlight where HIV, gender and sexual and reproductive health rights fit into the Post-2015 agenda.

The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria (Global Fund) is a complex organization. Conversations and documents about the Global Fund can sometimes be difficult to follow because the acronyms are not clearly understood. This document aims to explain not only the words behind the letters but also the actual structures themselves.

Using a social determinants of health lens, this factsheet highlights some of the particular issues facing indigenous populations regarding HIV, and provides some lessons learned from both the Canadian and African contexts that may be useful in determining next steps forward.

As the results of new HIV prevention technology (NPT) trials are released and discussions emerge about the implications of the results, it is important that a range of stakeholders understand what the results mean, and the process that led to their discovery. Understanding the research process will help advocates, policy makers and service providers to prepare for the outcomes of prevention trials and communicate about trial results. This fact sheet outlines the basic steps in the research process and the roll‐out of NPTs; where research is taking place and why; the role and experience of study volunteers; and the roles of other players in NPT research.

This fact sheet examines the linkages between housing and the pandemic and how housing organizations can effectively mainstream responses to HIV and AIDS. It also deliberately brings the slum and urbanization question to the attention of the HIV and AIDS community. Fortunately, the HIV and housing sectors have started to work together to tackle the complex relationships between the disease and urban poverty.

There are a number of global efforts underway to develop new technologies to prevent HIV. Currently, there is research being conducted on vaginal and rectal microbicides, vaccines, pre‐exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and HIV treatment as prevention.  This fact sheet provides a brief definition of each of the potential prevention tools being researched, and gives an overview of the current state of research. The fact sheet then provides an overview of the prevention technologies that we currently have at our disposal―female and male condoms, and medical male circumcision―and summarizes recent findings about these technologies. The fact sheet then outlines research into prevention technologies that have had unsuccessful results―diaphragms and cervical barriers, and … Read more 

PrEP could prove to be an important opportunity in the field of HIV prevention, yet there are many ethical and practical concerns that need to be addressed as the research moves forward.  Currently, there is limited dialogue around these issues and the impact that PrEP trial results will have in Canada and globally. It is important that Canadians develop an understanding of PrEP and related issues so that they are able to participate in a global dialogue and assess if or how PrEP could benefit Canadians. This fact sheet provides an overview of PrEP research and raises some of the concerns and unanswered questions that require discussion among a broad … Read more 

In 2007 and 2008, the Global Treatment Access Group (GTAG) reviewed and validated its commitment to the right to health, to equity and to a ‘do no harm’ approach to HIV advocacy. This paper builds on that initiative by providing a brief overview of current health system discourse and by exploring the debate and advocacy themes as they related to GTAG’s core advocacy on HIV.

The development of a safe and effective AIDS vaccine is the primary goal of AIDS vaccine research and, once achieved, will have a remarkable impact on reducing the spread of HIV. But there are other added benefits. Conducting AIDS vaccine research in developing countries also strengthens their health systems by reinforcing their research capacity and contributing to health system functioning more broadly. This fact sheet examines the impact of AIDS vaccine research on health systems strengthening in five key areas: the training and retention of human resources; infrastructure development; institutional development; improved health services; and enhanced HIV services.

HIV/AIDS affects rural household food security by impacting people’s ability to produce adequate and nutritious food and/or engage in waged labour to purchase food. Food insecurity increases people’s vulnerability. Poor nutrition contributes to poor health, low labour productivity, low income, and livelihood insecurity. These factors, among others, put people, particularly women and girls, at risk of HIV infection as they are forced to migrate for waged labour or to engage in transactional sex work for income.

The aim of this fact sheet is to examine some of the main issues related to the causes and effects of the exodus of healthcare professionals. The fact sheet also examines the approaches being considered to solve this problem and possible solutions for the management of international migration that would be less detrimental to healthcare systems in developing countries.