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Objectives

  1. To place NPTs within your national HIV policy context
  2. To place NPTs within a context of other prevention options
  3. To highlight the need for NPTs
  4. To explain the concept of partial efficacy

Key points

  • People need both new tools and better access to existing HIV prevention tools that have been proven to work.
  • Condom use is a particular challenge in primary partnerships, as they are perceived as barriers to trust, intimacy and conception.
  • NPTs are likely to be only partially effective. Some examples of other partially effective tools we use are: Properly used, seat belts reduce the risk of fatal injury to riders in the front seat of a car by 45%; sleeping under insecticide‐treated bed nets can reduce deaths in children by one fifth and episodes of malaria by half.
  • How well a tool will protect against HIV depends upon both its consistency of use and its overall efficacy. Microbicides, if they are more likely to be used, will help to reduce HIV in cases where condom use is infrequent.
  • NOTE: Facilitator should replace slide 2 with relevant national/regional policy documents.

Suggested activities

Discussion (slide 11)

Pose these questions as a debate and allow participants time to think about the question, then discuss amongst themselves:

  • What is of higher priority:
    • Advocating for improved access to existing prevention interventions?
    • Advocating for more prevention options?
    • Both?
  • WHY?